woojing lee
Position
Head of the Laboratory of Green Energy and Environment, National Laboratory Astana, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
Email
woojin.lee@nu.edu.kz

Woojin Lee

Education
  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Chemistry (Advisor: Dr. Ronald A. Hites)  

  Specialization: Atmospheric Physical Chemistry and Engineering
  Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana; January 2002 – August 2003

  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Civil Engineering (Advisor: Dr. Bill Batchelor)  
    Specialization: Environmental Geochemistry and Engineering 
    Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; September 2001 – December 2001 
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering (Advisor: Dr. Bill Batchelor)  
    Specialization: Environmental Geochemistry and Engineering
    Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; August 2001
  • Master of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering (Advisor: Dr. Youn-Kyoo Choung)  
    Specialization: Environmental Engineering
    Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea; February 1994
  • Bachelor of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering
    Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea; February 1992
Research Interests
1. IWT (Integrated Water Technology)
Development of integrated SMART groundwater management system using spectroscopy and molecular dynamics

Although rapid industrial development and economic growth have improved the quality of human life, various environmental problems have also arisen today. Especially, contamination of groundwater by organic, inorganic, and radioactive contaminants and heavy metals and their remediation have been considered as serious issues in the world due to the severe water scarcity. A variety of biological, physical, and chemical remediation technologies have been developed to treat the contaminated groundwater. However, typical remedial actions showed serious drawbacks such as generation of toxic transformation products, second impacts on natural environments, and low economics and efficiency. Therefore, the integrated water technology should be developed for eco-friendly and high efficient water treatment processes. The ultimate goal of this research is development of integrated SMART groundwater management system to selectively remove target contaminants and monitor their fate and transport using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and synchrotron-advanced-spectroscopy. Most frequently detected contaminants such as chlorinated compounds (PCE and TCE), heavy-metals, and uranium are focused on this research.

2. Natural Catalyst
Reduction of nitrate using natural (bimetallic) catalyst

The contamination of surface water and groundwater by nitrate has gradually increased due to excessive consumption of fertilizer in the world. Nitrate should be removed from our natural and engineered water systemS because it can be converted into nitrite which may cause serious diseases to human being such as blue baby, cancer, and hypertension. The catalytic reduction has been developed as a promising method for nitrate removal without the drawbacks of the conventional methods. The catalyst is composed of a noble metal such as Pd and Pt, a promoter metal such as Cu and Sn, and a support such as titania and silicate. Nitrite can be generated as an intermediate product in the catalytic nitrate reduction processes and then it can be converted to both ideal product (nitrogen gas) and to undesirable product (ammonia). Our goals are to develop the economical and eco-friendly natural catalyst and to investigate the nitrate reduction mechanism.

3. Uranium
Nano to Mactro-scale study on the uranium chemistry in the subsurface

In many cases, past practices relating to the handling and storage of radioactive waste materials have resulted in extensive contamination of the subsurface by these elements, especially uranium (U). The mobility of U in groundwater is largely determined by its speciation and interaction with other aquatic constituents, including microorganisms, natural organic matter, inorganic ions and mineral surfaces. Such interactions may result in U adsorption, redox transformation, and precipitation, all of which influence the mobility, transport, and fate of U. Therefore, the identification of those processes is crucial for the understanding of U fate and developing the knowledgebase needed to solve critical environmental problems.

4-1 Development of smart carbon sequestration and energy recovery system in marine gas hydrate deposit environment

This research investigates the geo-physicochemical factors in marine gas hydrate deposits and examines their micro-macro interaction on CH4 hydrate formation, CH4-CO2 hydrate replacement mechanism, and diffusion pattern change of fluids in the gas hydrate bearing sediments using computational methods and advanced analytical-monitoring system. Based on this information, this research aims to provide core knowledge for implementing smart CO2 storage and CH4 recovery system which can safely store CO2 as a form of hydrate and efficiently recover CH4 energy simultaneously in marine gas hydrate deposit.


4-2 Development of smart carbon sequestration and energy recovery system in marine gas hydrate deposit environment

This research investigates the geo-physiochemical factors in marine gas hydrate deposits and examines the complex interaction of the factors on the stability and formation kinetics of CO2 hydrate. This study aims to provide the fundamental knowledge for implementing CO2 storage technology using CO2 hydrate.

5. Energy Circulation
Global warming caused by raising concentration of atmospheric Greenhouse-gas (GHG) is a greatest challenge over the world. Vigorous efforts to cut down the GHG emissions are being implemented everywhere. Water infrastructures including water treatment plant (WTP), wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), sewer pipeline, and rainwater management system are one of the most significant infrastructures emitting considerable amount of GHG emissions by consuming gigantic amount of electricity for operation and raw materials for construction. Also, huge amount of GHG emissions are caused by chemical or biological reactions during treatment and conveyance processes. Therefore, mapping system relationship between unit processes and estimating the amount of GHG emissions should be essentially conducted to improve energy and resource efficiency of systems. To achieve sustainable energy and resource circulation for water infrastructures, we have developed advanced life cycle assessment (LCA) model and analyzed the system to suggest a potential alternative. Firstly, GHG emissions are quantitatively calculated to understand accurate situation and identify a key emission source by applying LCA. This is a systematic methodology to evaluate environmental impacts between alternatives by considering from raw material acquisition to disposal stage. The advanced LCA model developed by our research can estimate more accurate GHG emissions by considering an effect of biochemical reactions and detail operation conditions of unit processes than previous models do. Secondly, feasible strategies for mitigating GHG emissions can be suggested by considering a mathematical way such as sensitivity analysis or optimization theory. Sensitivity analysis can determine the most influential operation variable on electricity consumption in unit processes and suggest the tactics to bring less GHG emitting system. Also, by applying optimization theory, we can compare the mitigation effects among optimal and current life cycle scenarios and propose the direction to reduce environmental loads.

Publications

Structure, stability, and storage capacity of CO2+N2O mixed hydrates for the storage of CO2+N2O mixture gas
Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2018 In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.

Strategies to enhance the stability of nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) in continuous BrO3- reduction
Abudanash, D., Hamid, S., Han, S., Kim, J., Lee, W., 2018 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials.

PVP stabilized NZVI-metal nanoparticles for complete TCE reduction
Bae, S., Kim, J., Lee, W., 2018

Photo-induced Fe3+/Fe2+ redox cycle for simultaneous Cr(VI) reduction and chlorophenol oxidation: role of hydroxyl radical and degradation intermediates
Kim, D., Bokare, A., Monllor-Satoca, D., Kim, K., Lee, W., Choi, W., 2018 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials.

Novel bimetallic catalyst supported by red mud for enhaced nitrate reduction
Hamid, S., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2018 In : Chemical Engineering Journal.

Nitrate removal by bimetallic catalysts supported by iron nanominerals
Hamid, S., Chang, Y., Lee, W., 2018 Iron Nanomaterials for Water and Soil Treatment. Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd., p. 233-255

Molecular identification of Cr(VI) removal mechanism on vivianite surface
Bae, S., Sihn, Y., Kyoung, D., Eom, T., Kaplan, U., Schaefer, T., Lee, W., 2018 In : Environmental Science & Technology.

Magnetite-based adsorbents for sequestration of radionuclides: Review
Husnain, S., Um, W., Lee, W., Chang, Y., 2018 In : RSC Advances. 8, p. 2521-2540

Enhanced removal of bromate by nZVI supported bimetallic catalyst in a continuous flow system
Abudanash, D., Hamid, S., Han, S., Kim, J., Lee, W., 2018

Contribution of dissolved organic matter to the photolysis of methylmercury in seawater
Kim, J., Yang, J., Lee, Y., Lee, G., Lee, W., Han, S., 2018 In : Chemosphere.

Aqueous nitrate reduction by kaolinite supported Sn/Pd catalyst
Golagana, S., Hamid, S., Han, S., Lee, G., Babaa, M., Lee, W., 2018 In : Catalysis Science and Technology.

Aqueous nitrate reduction by kaolinite supported Sn-Pd bimetallic catalyst
Golagana, S., Hamid, S., Han, S., Babaa, M., Lee, W., 2018

A novel hydrogen peroxide stabilizer in descaling process of metal surface
Oh, D., Zhou, L., Chang, D., Lee, W., 2018 In : Chemical Engineering Journal. 334, p. 1169-1175

A comparative study of peroxide oxidants activated by nZVI : Removal of 1,4-dioxane and arsenic(III) in contaminated waters
Kang, Y., Yoon, H., Lee, W., Kim, E., Chang, Y., 2018 In : Chemical Engineering Journal. 334, p. 2511-2519

Synthesis of benzaldoxime from benzaldehyde using nanoscale zero-valent iron and dissolved nitrate or nitrite
Kumar, M., Choi, J., Yoon, S., Lee, W., 2017 In : Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management. 8, p. 97-102

Self-generation of reactive oxygen species on crystalline AgBiO3 for the oxidative remediation of organic pollutants
Gong, J., Lee, C., Kim, E., Kim, J., Lee, W., Chang, Y., 2017 In : ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 9, p. 28426-28432

Reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene by polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilized Fe-Ni nano-particles
Kumar, M., Bae, S., Han, S., Chang, Y., Lee, W., 2017 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 340, p. 399-406

Reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride by bioreduction of nontronite
Bae, S., Joo, J., Lee, W., 2017 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 334, p. 104-111

Nitrate reduction on bimetallic catalyst supported by nano-crystalline beta (NBeta)
Hamid, S., Kumar, M., Han, J., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2017 In : Green Chemistry. 19, p. 853-866

Estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from sewer pipeline system
Kyung, D., Kim, D., Yi, S., Choi, W., Lee, W., 2017 In : International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 22, p. 1901-1911

Comparative analyses of energy consumptions and associated greenhouse gas emissions in operation phases of urban water reuse systems in Korea
Chang, J., Yoon, S., Lee, W., 2017 In : Journal of Cleaner Production. 141, p. 728-736

Bimetallic Catalyst for High Nitrate Nitrogen Reduction and Selectivity and Manufacturing Methods
Lee, W., Jung, S., Bae, S., 2017

Azo dye decolorization by ZVI under circum-neutral pH conditions and the characterization of ZVI corrosion products
Khan, A., Parhbu, S., Park, J., Lee, W., Chon, C., Ahn, J., Lee, G., 2017 In : Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 47, p. 86-93

Synergistic effect of nano-sized mackinawite with cyanocobalamin in cement slurries for reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene
Kyung, D., Sihn, Y., Bae, S., Kim, S., Lee, W., 2016 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 311, p. 1-10

Reduction of nitrate in groundwater by hematite supported bimetallic catalyst
Hamid, S., Lee, W., 2016 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 5, p. 51-59

Rapid Extraction of Uranium Ions from Seawater Using Novel Porous Polymeric Adsorbents
Sihn, Y., Byun, J., Patel, H., Yavuz, C., Lee, W., 2016 In : RSC Advances. 6, p. 45968-45976

Laser spectroscopic characterization and quantification of uranium under fluorescence quenching by Fe(II)
Sihn, Y., Yoon, J., Lee, W., 2016 In : Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 308, p. 413-423

Highly reactive and selective Sn-Pd bimetallic catalyst supported by nanocrystalline ZSM-5 for aqueous nitrate reduction
Hamid, S., Kumar, M., Lee, W., 2016 In : Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 187, p. 37-46

Effect of promoter and noble metals and suspension pH on catalytic nitrate removal by bimetallic nanoscale Fe0 catalysts
Bae, S., Hamid, S., Jung, J., Sihn, Y., Lee, W., 2016 In : Environmental Technology (United Kingdom). 37, p. 1077-1087

Effect of electrolytes and soil minerals on nitrous oxide (N2O) hydrate formation kinetics
Kyung, D., Park, T., Lim, H., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2016 In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 45, p. 34-42

Flavin mononucleotide mediated microbial fuel cell in the presence ofShewanella putrefaciens CN32 and iron-bearing mineral
Lee, Y., Bae, S., Moon, C., Lee, W., 2015 In : Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering. 20, 5, p. 894-900

 Nitrate reduction by iron supported bimetallic catalyst in low and high nitrogen regimes
Hamid, S., Lee, W., 2015 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 4, p. 263-271

Theoretical and experimental studies of the dechlorination mechanism of carbon tetrachloride on a vivianite ferrous phosphate surface
Jeon, K., Bae, S., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2015 In : Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 119, p. 5714-5722

Reductive transformation of tetrachloroethene catalyzed by sulfidecobalamin in nano-mackinawite suspension
Kyung, D., Amir, A., Choi, K., Lee, W., 2015 In : Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 54, p. 1439-1446

Reduction of RDX in ground water by bio-regenerated iron mineral: results of field verification test at a military shooting range
Gong, H., Lee, K., Lee, J., Kyung, D., Lee, W., Bae, B., 2015 In : Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment. 20, 6, p. 62-72

Numerical study of CO2 hydrate dissolution rates in the ocean: Effect of pressure, temperature, and salinity
Kyung, D., Ji, S., Lee, W., 2015 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 4, p. 17-24

Estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from a hybrid wastewater plant
Kyung, D., Kim, M., Chang, J., Lee, W., 2015 In : Journal of Cleaner Production. 95, p. 117-123

Enhanced reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene by nano-sized mackinawite with cyanocobalamin in a highly alkaline condition
Kim, S., Park, T., Lee, W., 2015 In : Journal of Environmental Management. 151, p. 378-385

CO2 hydrate nucleation kinetics enhanced by an organo-mineral complex formed at the montmorillonite-water interface
Kyung, D., Lim, H., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2015 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 49, p. 1197-1205

Catalytic nitrate removal in continuous bimetallic Cu-Pd/NZVI system
Hamid, S., Bae, S., Amin, M., Alazba, A., Lee, W., 2015 In : Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 54, p. 6247-6257

Adsorption/desorption of uranium on iron-bearing soil mineral surface
Ha, S., Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2015 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 4, p. 135-142

W. Riboflavin-mediated RDX transformation in the presence of Shewanella putrefaciens CN32 and lepidocrocite
Bae, S., Lee, Y., Kwon, M., Lee, W., 2014 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 274, p. 24-31

Synthesis of iron nanoparticles with poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate) and its application to nitrate reduction
Choi, K., Uthuppu, B., Jakobsen, M., Hwang, Y., Broholm, M., Lee, W., 2014 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 3, 2, p. 107-116

Reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene by bimetallic catalysts on hematite in the presence of hydrogen gas
Choi, K., Lee, W., 2014 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 3, 2, p. 151-162

Nitrate reduction mechanism on a Pd surface
Shin, H., Jung, S., Bae, S., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2014 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 48, p. 12768-12774

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of roof-waterproofing systems for reinforced concrete building
Ji, S., Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2014 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 3, 4, p. 367-377

Influence of riboflavin on nanoscale zero-valent iron reactivity during the degradation of carbon tetrachloride
Bae, S., Lee, W., 2014 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 48, p. 2368-2376

Estimation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from wastewater treatment plants and effect of biogas reuse on GHG mitigation
Chang, J., Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2014 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 3, 2, p. 173-183

Effect of organic matter on CO2 hydrate phase equilibrium in phyllosilicate suspensions
Park, T., Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2014 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 48, 12, p. 6597-6603

Effect of marine environmental factors on the formation kinetics and phase equilibrium of CO2 hydrate
Kyung, D., Park, T., Lee, W., 2014 Advances in Environmental Research . Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 35, p. 131-151

Development of Pd-Cu/hematite catalyst for selective nitrate reduction
Jung, S., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2014 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 48, p. 9651-9658

Degradation of pyrene in cetylpyridinium chloride-aided soil washing wastewater by pyrite Fenton reaction
Choi, K., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2014 In : Chemical Engineering Journal. 249, p. 34-41

Degradation of off-gas toluene in continuous pyrite Fenton system
Choi, K., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2014 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 280, p. 31-37

The effect of pH and zwitterionic buffers on catalytic nitrate reduction by TiO2 bimetallic catalyst
Bae, S., Jung, J., Lee, W., 2013 In : Chemical Engineering Journal. 232, p. 327-337

Stochastic nature of carbon dioxide hydrate induction times in Na-montmorillonite and marine sediment suspensions
Lee, K., Lee, S., Lee, W., 2013 In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 14, p. 15-24

Oxidative Degradation of Organic Pollutants by Fenton Reaction in Pyrite Suspension
Bae, S., Choi, K., Lee, W., 2013 Pyrite: Synthesis, Characterization and Uses. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., p. 41-68

Life cycle greenhouse-gas emissions from urban area with low impact development (LID)
Kim, D., Park, T., Hyun, K., Lee, W., 2013 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 2, 4, p. 279-290

Formation of surface mediated iron colloids during U(VI) and nZVI interaction
Sihn, Y., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2013 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 2, 3, p. 167-177

Estimation of CO2 emission from water treatment plant-model development and application
Kyung, D., Kim, D., Park, N., Lee, W., 2013 In : Journal of Environmental Management. 131, p. 74-81

Effect of marine environmental factors on the phase equilibrium of CO2 hydrate
Kyung, D., Lee, K., Kim, H., Lee, W., 2013 In : International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 20, p. 285-292

Degradation of diclofenac by pyrite catalyzed Fenton oxidation
Bae, S., Kim, D., Lee, W., 2013 In : Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 134-135, p. 93-102

Biotransformation of lepidocrocite in the presence of quinones and flavins
Bae, S., Lee, W., 2013 In : Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta. 114, p. 144-155

Which CDM methodology is the best option? A case study of CDM business on S-water treatment plant
Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2012 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 1, p. 124-141

Nitrate reduction by maghemite supported Cu-Pd bimetallic catalyst
Jung, J., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2012 In : Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 127, p. 148-158

Indirect contact bio-transformation of lepidocrocite and role of electron transfer mediator
Jung, J., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2012 In : Sustainable Environment Research. 22, p. 193-198

Enhanced reductive degradation of carbon tetrachloride by biogenic vivianite and Fe (II)
Bae, S., Lee, W., 2012 In : Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta. 85, p. 170-186

Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination of Tetrachloroethene during Reduction of cobalamin (III) by nano-mackinawite
Amir, A., Lee, W., 2012 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 235-236, p. 359-366

Enhanced degradation of trichloroethylene in nano-scale zero-valent iron Fenton system with Cu (II)
Choi, K., Lee, W., 2012 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 211-212, p. 146-153

Enhanced degradation of TNT and RDX by bio-reduced iron bearing soil minerals
Cho, C., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2012 In : Advances in Environmental Research. 1, p. 1-14

Degradation of carbon tetrachloride in modified Fenton reaction
Lee, Y., Bae, S., Lee, W., 2012 In : Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering. 29, 6, p. 769-774

Adsorption of cationic cetylpyridinium chloride on pyrite surface
Bae, S., Mannan, M., Lee, W., 2012 In : Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 18, p. 1482-1488

Utilization improvement of PDMS and fluoropolymers by mutual application
Sihn, Y., Lee, W., 2011 In : Membrane Water Treatment. 2, 1, p. 39-49

Selective redox degradation of chlorinated aliphatic compounds by Fenton reaction in pyrite suspension
Che, H., Lee, W., 2011 In : Chemosphere. 82, 8, p. 1103-1108

Reductive Degradation of Volatile Organic Compounds by Iron-Bearing Soil Minerals
Bae, S., Sihn, Y., Lee, W., 2011 Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Nova Science Publishers, Inc., p. 1-47

Magnetite applications for reduction of chlorinated organic compounds and hexavalent chromium
Lee, W., Bae, S., 2011 Magnetite: Structure, Properties and Applications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., p. 179-208

Estimation of CO2 emission from water treatment plants by carbon calculator
Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2011 In : Advances in Asian Environmental Engineering. 9, 10, p. 29-36

Enhanced dechlorination of tetrachloroethene by nano-sized zero valent iron with vitamin B12
Amir, A., Lee, W., 2011 In : Chemical Engineering Journal. 170, 2-3, p. 492-497

Effect of organic matters on CO2 hydrate formation in Ulleung Basin sediment suspensions
Lamorena, R., Kyung, D., Lee, W., 2011 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 45, 14, p. 6196-6203

Degradation of trichloroethylene by Fenton reaction in pyrite suspension
Che, H., Lee, W., 2011 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 185, p. 1355-1361

Towards a Sustainable Asia: Environment and Climate Change
Gensuo, J., Lee, W., 2010Springer Verlag, 

Inhibition of nZVI reactivity by magnetite during the reductive degradation of 1,1,1-TCA in nZVI/Magnetite suspension
Bae, S., Lee, W., 2010 In : Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 96, p. 10-17

Degradation of trichloroethylene by Fe (II) chelated with cross-linked chitosan in a modified Fenton reaction
Lee, Y., Lee, W., 2010 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 178, p. 187-193

Ultra-fine Particle and Gaseous Volatile Organic Compounds Formations from the Reactions of Ozone and Emitted Compounds in Indoor Environments
Lamorena, R., Lee, W., 2009 Indoor Work and Living Environments: Health, Safety and Performance. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., p. 167-193

The effect of direct fluorination of polydimethylsiloxane films on their surface properties
Lee, S., Lee, W., 2009 In : Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 332, p. 461-466

Removal of elemental mercury (Hg(0)) by nano-sized V2O5/TiO2 catalysts
Lee, W., Bae, G., 2009 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 43, p. 1522-1527

Reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride in acidic soil manipulated with iron(II) and bisulfide ion
Choi, K., Lee, W., 2009 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 172, p. 623-630

Factors affecting the consistency of water vapor permeation through silicone polymeric tubes
Lee, W., 2009 In : Journal of Membrane Science. 345, p. 59-64

Enhancement and inhibition of 1,1,1-trichloroethane reductive degradation by nZVI and Shewanella putrefaciens on magnetite surface
Bae, S., Lee, W., 2009 In : Advances in Asian Environmental Engineering. 8, p. 1-6

Effects of transition metal and sulfide on the reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride and 1,1,1-trichloroethane by FeS
Choi, J., Choi, K., Lee, W., 2009 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 162, p. 1151-1158

Effect of pH on carbon dioxide hydrate formation in mixed soil mineral suspensions
Lamorena, R., Lee, W., 2009 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 43, p. 5908-5914

Reductive dechlorination of chlorinated compounds by soil associated with ferrous and sulfur
Choi, J., Choi, K., Lee, W., 2008 In : Advances in Asian Environmental Engineering. 7, 1-3, p. 29-32

Influence of ozone concentration and temperature on ultra-fine particle and gaseous volatile organic compound formations generated during the ozone-initiated reactions with emitted terpenes from a car air freshener
Lamorena, R., Lee, W., 2008 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 158, p. 471-477

Formation of secondary organic products from the ozone-initiated oxidations with monoterpenes in indoor environments
Lamorena, R., Lee, W., 2008 In : Advances in Asian Environmental Engineering. 7, 1-3, p. 40-46

Formation of carbon dioxide hydrate in soil and soil mineral suspensions with electrolytes
Lamorena, R., Lee, W., 2008 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 42, p. 2753-2759

Fe(II)-initiated reduction of hexavalent chromium in heterogeneous iron oxide suspension
Choi, J., Jung, Y., Lee, W., 2008 In : Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering. 25, 4, p. 764-769

Ex-situ reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride by iron sulfide in batch reactor
Choi, K., Lee, W., 2008 In : Environmental Engineering Research. 13, 4, p. 177-183

Enhanced degradation of tetrachloroethylene by Green Rust with platinum
Choi, J., Lee, W., 2008 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 42, p. 3356-3362

Ultra-fine particles and gaseous volatile organic compound exposures from the reaction of ozone and car-air freshener during metropolis travel
Lamorena, R., Park, S., Bae, G., Lee, W., 2007 In : Environmental Engineering Research. 12, 2, p. 72-80

The formation of ultra-fine particles during ozone-initiated oxidations with terpenes emitted from natural paint
Lamorena, R., Jung, S., Bae, G., Lee, W., 2007 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 141, p. 245-251

Spectroscopic Investigation of magnetite surface for the reduction of hexavalent chromium
Jung, Y., Choi, J., Lee, W., 2007 In : Chemosphere. 68, p. 1968-1975

Monitoring the OH radical-initiated oxidation kinetics of isoprene and products using on-line mass spectrometry
Lee, W., Baasandorj, M., Stevens, P., Hites, R., 2005 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 39, 4, p. 1030-1036

The secondary products by ozone-initiated reaction with terpenes emitted from natural paint
Jung, S., Lamorena, R., Bae, G., Moon, K., Kim, S., Lee, W., 2004 In : Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment. 1, 1, p. 88-102

Removal of trichloroethylene in reduced soil columns
Lee, W., 2004 In : Journal of Hazardous Materials. 113, 1-3, p. 175-180

Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by soil
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., 2004 In : Chemosphere. 55, 5, p. 705-713

Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by Iron-bearing phyllosilicates
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., 2004 In : Chemosphere. 56, 10, p. 999-1009

Reductive capacity of natural reductants
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., 2003 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 7, 3, p. 535-541

Rate constants for the gas-phase reactions of methylphenanthrenes with OH as a function of temperature
Lee, W., Stevens, P., Hites, R., 2003 In : Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 107, 34, p. 6603-6608

Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by iron- bearing soil minerals. 1. Pyrite and Magnetite
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., 2002 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 36, 23, p. 5147-5154

Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by iron- bearing soil minerals. 2. Green Rust
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., 2002 In : Environmental Science & Technology. 36, 24, p. 5348-5354

Reductive capacity of soils for chromium
Lee, W., Batchelor, B., Schlautman, M., 2000 In : Environmental Technology (United Kingdom). 21, 8, p. 953-963

The removal of nutrients in continuous biological wastewater treatment systems
Lee, W., Lim, S., Park, J., Choung, Y., 1995 In : Journal of the Korean Society of Water and Wastewater. 9, p. 58-65

An experimental batch kinetic study on the behavior of nutrients in advanced biological wastewater treatment process
Lee, W., Choung, Y., 1995 In : KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. 15, p. 725-730