Laboratory of Green Energy and Environment
Head of Laboratory: Woojin Lee
To meet the needs of sustainable development, the Laboratory of Green Energy and Environment of NLA focuses on research topics such as fate and transport of environmental contaminants, carbon capture and sequestration, novel water and wastewater technology development with energy production, renewable energy, sustainable built environment, indoor air quality management, clean coal technologies, utilization of solid waste, energy and environmental policy. The Lab has developed and has the access to several onsite laboratory facilities including environmental contaminant analysis, geologic formation of carbon sequestration, water and wastewater treatment testbed, renewable energy test site, gasification plant, as well as access to software for simulation, modeling, and analysis in environmental and energy system applications.
- - Development of Smart Environmental Nano-catalysts to Treat Toxic Contaminants
- - Identification of catalytic reaction mechanisms using molecular dynamics and quantum physics calculation
- - Development of smart and selective environmental catalysts using the computational chemistry database
- - Smart and selective bimetallic catalyst supported by natural soil minerals (Cu/Pd & Sn/Pd supported by maghemite and hematite) for the reductions of NO3 and chlorinated solvents.
- - Physicochemical/Biogeochemical Treatment Processes (Integrated Water Treatment with Energy Generation)
- - Novel wastewater treatment technology including energy generation, N&P removal, filtrations, fuel cells, and bio-fuel production units
- - Smart groundwater remediation by smart biogenic catalysts and novel porous polymer
- - Fate of Chemical Compounds in Environments (Treatment of Groundwater and Soil Contaminated with Organic, Inorganic, and Radioactive Chemicals)
- - Characterization of reductive dechlorination of chlorinated organics in natural and engineered systems and identification of reaction kinetics, transformation products, and reaction mechanisms
- - Fate and transport of explosives (RDX and TNT) during the reductive degradation by soil and soil minerals with biomimetic compounds in subsurface environments
- - Development of mathematical model to predict the fate and transport of contaminants in natural and engineered systems
- - Surface analyses of soil minerals before and after reactions using SEM, TEM, XRD, XPS, XAF, and XANES
- - Fate of Chemical Compounds in Environments (Fate of Air Pollutants in Atmosphere)
- - Computer modeling for the identification of molecular orbital properties of target organic compounds
- - Development of analytical techniques to identify and quantify target organics (isoprene, α- and β-pinene, limonene, aldehydes, ketones, acids, and methyl phenanthrenes) in gas-phase using on-line GC/MS, on-line FT/IR, and HPLC
- - Sequestration of GHGs at Geological Formations and LCA of GHG Emissions
- - Characterization of the formation kinetics and equilibrium of CO2 & N2O hydrates and their super critical phases
- - Identification of stochastic characteristics of GHG hydrate nucleation
- - Development of estimation protocols of GHG emissions from a variety of environmental sectors.
- - Development of GHG calculator to evaluate potential GHG emissions from environmental systems and its application & optimization to reduction of GHG emissions
- - Environmental Measurements of Emerging Toxic & Persistent Chemicals
- - Identification and quantification of hydrocarbons, PAHs, chlorinated aliphatics and aromatics, organophosphorous and carbamate pesticides, and nitroaromatics by HRGC, GC/MS/MS, and HPLC/MS
- - Identification and quantification of heavy metals and radioactive chemicals by AA and ICP/MS
- - Qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic and inorganic chemical compounds by mass spectrometry and spectroscopy (Fluorescence, UV/VIS, Raman, Mossbauer, NMR, and FT/IR spectroscopy)
- - Identification of soil minerals (and their surfaces) by XRD, XPS, XAF, XANES (with synchrotron beam-lines), SEM, and TEM (with EDX)
- - Automation of RES into the grid, control theory, and smart grid technologies, building energy survey, thermal comfort measurements, energy efficient technologies for buildings, building energy behavior modeling.
- - Technical-economic modeling of Kazakhstan's energy systems
- - The evaluation of regional cooperation between Central Asian countries and the Caspian region on the energy and sustainable development issues
- - Clean coal technologies
- - Technological processes optimization
- - Statistical methods in energy
- - Climate research. Economic research of the climate change
- - Analysis of the Kazakhstan's power system
- - TGA analysis of MSW and RDF samples
- - Pyrolysis characteristics of Kazakhstan coals
- - Combustion Characterization of Refuse Derived Fuel From Municipal Solid Waste
- - Circulating fluidized bed
- - Utilization of solid waste
- - Integration of thermal processes and Pinch analysis
- - Utilization of Low-Potential Heat at Industrial Enterprises of the Republic of Kazakhstan
- - Organic Rankine Cycle
ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS:
- “Assessing the impact of ventilation systems on the concentration of radon in buildings in Kazakhstan” (NU, 2016-2018): The project aims to study the indoor radon concentration levels and radon mitigation measurements as well as modeling of transfer and distribution processes of radon in buildings followed by comparisons of the obtained results with the results from experimental measurements. In the framework of this project, we conduct measurements of indoor radon concentration using AlphaGuard equipment as well as use mathematic modeling techniques (COMSOL, MATLAB Simulink) to create models for radon dissipation and ventilation scenarios.
- “Development of municipal solid waste combustion and incineration technology for Astana (Kazakhstan) and investigation of municipal solid waste blending effects on reactivity of coals in CFB combustion and gasification processes”. The main objective of the project it the study on utilization of solid waste by burning in the CCS in an impurity with coal. The project includes 4 campaigns for the collection and sorting of solid waste in a landfill, TGA analysis, calorimetric analysis, incineration in a horizontal tube furnace, publications and participation in conferences
- Project on Pinch Analysis in collaboration with Manchester University
- Sheffield project
- - Development of a pilot project of energy-efficient dome-shaped dwelling with integrated renewable energy system (Shell, 2016-2017)
- - Energy conservation and efficiency improvement in residential sector (MES RK, 2014-2016)
- - Integration, automation and control of renewable energy resources (MES RK, 2014-2016)
- - Design of control systems of renewable power sources (Parasat, 2013)
- - Hybrid energy generation with pumped hydro storage (2012-2013)
- - Study and development of technologies of renewable energy and smart grids for implementation in Kazakhstan (Ministry of Education and Science of RK, 2011-2013)
- - Research on interconnected wind turbines with intelligent control (MES RK, 2011-2013)
- - Development of policy options for mid- and long-term emissions pathways and the role of carbon pricing (World Bank 2015-2016, thepmr.org).
- - National Communication of Kazakhstan and Biennial Report preparation with UNDP and GEF (2013, 2015).
- - Preparation the Concept for transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Green Economy (2013).
- - Regional climate modeling of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2014-2016). 5. Development of the model of energy system of Caspian states (2014-2016).
- - A technical-economic model of the Caspian countries: development and use for energy and environment policy impact evaluations (2015).
- - Transition of Kazakhstan to post-industrial phase of economic development (2015-2017).
- - Utilization of waste heat in industrial plants of RK (2014-2015).
- - Increase in energy efficiency of coal power plants of Kazakhstan. Clean coal technologies (enrc.com, 2015-2016).
Renewable energy test site
A.Uyzbayeva, A.Sedov, V.Tyo “A case-study of energy modeling of a school building in Astana city (Kazakhstan)”, Green Energy and Technology. Exergy for A Better Environment and Improved Sustainability 2, Chapter 68. ISBN 978-3-319-62575-1, Springer. Due 7th September, 2018
V. J Inglezakis, K. Moustakas, G. Khamitova, D. Tokmurzin, Y. Sarbassov, R. Rakhmatulina, B. Serik, Y. Abikak, S. G. Poulopoulos., 2018, ’Current Municipal Solid Waste Management in the cities of Astana and Almaty of Kazakhstan and Evaluation of Alternative Management Scenarios’, Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy (2018). (IF-3.3)
V.J. Inglezakis , A. Amzebek, B. Kuspangaliyeva, Y. Sarbassov, G. Balbayeva, A. Yerkinova, and S.G. Poulopoulos., 2018, ‘Treatment of municipal solid waste landfill leachate by use of combined biological, physical and photochemical processes’ Desalination and water treatment, http://www.deswater.com/home.php. (IF-1.6)