The international seminar on antibiotic resistance was launched today in Nazarbayev University under the auspices of National Laboratory Astana and International Science and Technology Center (ISTC)/ The seminar is dedicated to the use of antibiotics in the treatment of people, including children. Scientists from Europe, USA, India, Japan, Israel, Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, as well as Kazakstani researchers and practitioners take part in the seminar.
According to Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Director General of National Laboratory Astana, the widespread antibiotic resistance around the world became a serious danger that is manifested today in every region of the world and begins to have a negative impact on man’s health regardless of age and origin.
Global collective action to address this threat includes proposals for the preparation of international treaties on antimicrobial resistance, as well as coordination in government agencies in health, food safety, veterinary and environmental protection.
It is expected that within two days scientists will highlight in their work the reasons for resistance to drugs in the population of people and the spread of resistant strains between humans and animals. In addition, alternative treatments data will be made public, as despite calls for new types of antibiotic therapy, new drugs are being developed less. Researchers from the U.S. will talk about national and international programs to monitor the threats to drug resistance.
On Friday,“Cluster Ion-Solid Interactions: Theory, Simulation, and Experiment” book presentation was held in Nazarbayev University. The book was presented by Zinetula Insepov. This research provides an overview of various concepts in cluster physics and related topics in physics, including the fundamentals and tools underlying novel cluster ion beam technology. The material is based on the author’s highly regarded courses at Kyoto University, Purdue University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute as well as his research results on cluster ion beam applications at Kyoto University. The author introduces the basic principles of statistical physics and thermodynamics before covering applications, experimental justifications, and practical implementations. He describes classical nucleation theory and explains the drawbacks of this theory, showing how accurate modeling and simulations are necessary to justify theoretical approaches and simplifications.
Zinetula Insepov is the chief scientist at NURIS center, Nazarbayev University. He is also the adjunct professor in the School of Nuclear Engineering at Purdue University and a professor in the Department of Condensed Matter Physics at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). Dr. Insepov is also a founding faculty fellow of the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech)/Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) initiative. He has previously held positions at Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Kyoto University, Epion Japan, and Argonne National Laboratory. His research focuses on the fundamental physics of ion beam materials processing, including very-low-energy ion–solid interactions. He developed cluster ion beam interaction simulation programs based on molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. He also predicted a new lateral sputtering phenomenon that is a driving force behind the efficient atomistic smoothening mechanism of surfaces irradiated by large gas cluster ions. Recently, he predicted a nanopumping effect and is developing a new device that allows pump gases and liquids via nanometer-scale channels.